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        独立主格结构的八种

        回答
        爱扬教育

        2021-02-23

        独立主格8种基本句型:名词/代词+现在分词;名词/代词+过去分词;名词/代词+不定式等。

        扩展资料

          1.名词/代词+现在分词

          现在分词表示前面的名词或代词主动进行的`动作或状态等。

          例 The man lay there, his hands trembling.

          So many students being absent, the meeting had to be put off.

          His homework having been done, Tom went to sleep.

          注:“独立结构”中的being或 having been有时可以省去,这样就成了无动词分句或过去分词分句。

          2.名词/代词+过去分词

          过去分词表示前面的名词或代词被动完成的动作或所处的一种状态。

          例 The boy lay on his back, his hands crossed under his head.

          The job not finished, we couldn’t see the film.

          Her shirt caught on a nail, she could not move.

          后面两个句子也可以看成省略掉了having been,being。如果加上,这两个句子就又变成了现在分词分句。

          3.名词/代词+不定式

          不定式表示的是将来的动作。

          例He suggested going for a picnic, Mary to provide the food.

          These are the first two books, the third one to come out next month.

          We shall get together at 7:30, the procession(游行) to start moving at 8 sharp.

          4.名词/代词+名词

          名词一般做前面名词或代词的同位语。

          例 Many people joined in the work, some of them women and children.

          He fought the tiger,a stick his only weapon.

          5.名词/代词+形容词短语

          形容词(短语)说明前面名词或代词的性质,状态,原因等。

          例:The floor wet and slippery, we had to stay outside for a while.

          I heard that she got injured in the accident, my heart full of sorry.

          这两个句子也可以看成是省略了being,如果加上,就变成了现在分词分句。

          6.名词/代词+副词

          副词说明前面名词或代词的状态。

          例 The meeting over, we all went home.

          Nobody in, he left a message on the board.

          He sat at the table, head down.

          7.名词/代词+介词短语

          介词短语说明伴随前面名词或代词的方式或者状态。

          例 The teacher came in, a book under his arm.

          The hunter entered the forest, gun in hand.

          Nobody at home, the thief took a lot of things away.

          8.with引导的复合结构, 也可以认为是一种独立主格结构

          例 A woman got on the bus with a baby around her arms.

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